Vatican

   After intense and lengthy negotiations, Israel and the Vatican formally recognized each other and signed an agreement on 30 December 1993 to establish diplomatic relations. The agreement was signed first in the Vatican and then in Jerusalem.
   On 15 June 1994, Israel and the Vatican announced agreement on opening full diplomatic relations. They agreed to exchange ambassadors and open embassies. Until then, the Vatican had withheld formal recognition of Israel, citing such issues as the state's disputed borders, the unsettled status of Jerusalem, and concerns about the protection of Catholic institutions under Israeli law. The Vatican had also called on Israel to recognize the legitimate rights of the Palestinians. The agreement also opened the way for an increased Vatican role in the Arab-Israeli peace process. For Israel, there was some expectation that the agreement would help eliminate anti-Semitism. In January 1996, the Vatican published documents showing that during the last years of World War II, it opposed the creation of a Jewish state in Palestine.
   During the papacy of Pope John Paul II, there was a legacy of mending ties between Christians and the Vatican and Israel. The pope repeatedly condemned anti-Semitism as a sin against God and man. He also described Jews as the Church's "dearly beloved elder brothers." During his tenure, Israel and the Vatican exchanged ambassadors.
   In March 2000, John Paul II made a pilgrimage to Israel (as well as to the Palestinian territories and to Jordan). In January 2004, Pope Paul II held a historic first meeting at the Vatican with Israel's chief rabbis (Rabbi Shlomo Amar and Rabbi Yona Metzger), during which the pontiff was asked to join in the fight against of terrorism and anti-Semitism.
   See also Foreign Policy; Religion.

Historical Dictionary of Israel. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • VATICAN — VATICAN, residence of the pope , who is the ruler of Vatican City in Rome. The Vatican and Zionism Theodor Herzl was the first Zionist leader to understand the political importance of the Catholic Church in the Middle East. He also realized the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Vatican — may refer to:*The Holy See, the central governing body of the Catholic Church, consisting of the Pope and the Roman Curia *The Roman Curia, the administrative apparatus of the Holy See *Vatican City, the sovereign state *Vatican Hill, a hill in… …   Wikipedia

  • Vatican — (deuxième concile du) ou Vatican II 21e concile oecuménique réuni par Jean XXIII, achevé par Paul VI (oct. 1962 déc. 1965). Il voulut rénover le rapport de l église catholique avec le monde (aggiornamento, c est à dire mise à jour ) et promouvoir …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Vatican — [vat′i kən] n. [L Vaticanus (mons), Vatican (hill)] 1. the papal residence, consisting of a group of buildings in Vatican City 2. papal government or authority adj. 1. of this residence, government, or authority 2. designating either of the Roman …   English World dictionary

  • Vatican — Vat i*can, n. [L. Vaticanus, mons, or collis, Vaticanus, the Vatican hill, in Rome, on the western bank of the Tiber: cf. F. Vatican, It. Vaticano.] A magnificent assemblage of buildings at Rome, near the church of St. Peter, including the pope s …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Vatican — (Рим,Италия) Категория отеля: Адрес: Via Innocenzo XI 39, Аурелио, 00165 Рим, Италия …   Каталог отелей

  • Vatican I — Vatican (premier concile du) ou Vatican I 20e concile oecuménique (déc. 1869 juil. 1870), qui définit le dogme de l infaillibilité pontificale …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Vatican II — Vatican (deuxième concile du) ou Vatican II 21e concile oecuménique réuni par Jean XXIII, achevé par Paul VI (oct. 1962 déc. 1965). Il voulut rénover le rapport de l église catholique avec le monde (aggiornamento, c est à dire mise à jour ) et… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Vatican — (Vaticanischer Palast), großer Palast in Rom, auf dem alten Vaticanus mons (s. Rom S. 242), nordwestlich jenseit der Tiber, an die Peterskirche stoßend, die eigentliche Residenz der Päpste, wo das Conclave gehalten wird, ist jedoch wegen seiner… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Vatican — Vatican. Dieser berühmte, auf dem vaticanischen Berge prangende, päpstliche Palast, der größte Roms, aus dem einst die kirchlichen Bannblitze hervorzuckten, die oft eine Welt erzittern machten, enthält 22 Höfe und 11,000 Zimmer. In ihm befindet… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Vatican — Vatican, s. Rom …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

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